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建筑污染防治

建筑污染防治
Prevention and Control of Building Pollution
我们在进行建筑施工的过程中会产生一些对室内环境造成一定污染的有害物质,那么民用建筑工程室内环境污染物有哪些?
In the process of building construction, we will produce some harmful substances which cause certain pollution to the indoor environment. What are the indoor environmental pollutants in civil construction projects?
建筑污染防治主要是以下3个方面:
The prevention and control of building pollution mainly includes the following three aspects:
第一、材料选用。工程材料的选用是否得当是影响室内环境质量的重要部分,环保材料、低水平放射性材料的选用,要有国家及相关部门的检验证明和环境保护标志,否则,无论后期采用何种手段或方法都难以消除有害物质。
First, material selection. Proper selection of engineering materials is an important part of affecting indoor environmental quality. The selection of environmental protection materials and low-level radioactive materials requires the inspection certificate of the state and relevant departments and environmental protection marks. Otherwise, no matter what means or methods are adopted later, it is difficult to eliminate harmful substances.
第二、施工方法。施工方法的选择一般是由所选材料决定的,但每种材料的施工方法以及施工用的辅助材料也是不同的。举例来说,贴壁纸就分别有用自粘胶、白乳胶、有机胶等,各种施工方法也与建筑的基层状况有关,当然,价格也有差别,如果对环境要求高的话应选用有机胶粘贴。
Second, construction methods. The selection of construction methods is generally determined by the selected materials, but the construction methods of each material and the auxiliary materials used in construction are also different. For example, wallpaper has self-adhesive, white latex, organic glue and so on. Various construction methods are also related to the basic condition of the building. Of course, the price is also different. If the environmental requirements are high, organic glue should be used.
第三、施工时间。一般工程对建筑的室内装饰时间上要求的并不严格,其实,无论是南方还是北方,装饰施工的不同季节、干湿度对装饰成品的影响是非常大的。一些常温下施工的工艺会因为低温或高温而采取措施,如添加辅助材料才能满足施工质量,无形中就会增加非环保材料的使用。
Third, construction time. Generally, the requirements of interior decoration time are not strict. In fact, whether in the South or in the north, the different seasons and humidity of decoration construction have a great impact on the finished decoration products. Some normal temperature construction technology will take measures because of low or high temperature, such as adding auxiliary materials to meet the construction quality, invisibly will increase the use of non-environmental protection materials.
对于民用建筑工程在进行施工的过程中,为了能够预防和控制民用建筑工程的室内环境,从保护民众的身体健康或是维护公共利益的角度出发,必须要对民用建筑工程加强管理,必须要从技术达标,经济合理为基础,从而确保安全适用的原则,制定相应的规范来进行强化落实。
In the process of civil construction, in order to prevent and control the indoor environment of civil construction projects, from the point of protecting people's health or public interests, it is necessary to strengthen the management of civil construction projects, which must be based on technical standards and economic rationality, so as to ensure the principle of safety and applicability, and formulate corresponding norms. Strengthen implementation.

关键字:建筑污染防治

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