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浅析园林景观设计三误区

一说---设计误区 A misconception of design 作为当前城市建设中最热门的是“景观设计”,于是乎各种大大小小的景观工程公司、景观设计公司、景观 设计师频频出现,其实真的混乱至极。 As the most popular city construction nowadays is "landscape design", so all kinds of large and small landscape engineering companies, landscape design companies and landscape designers appear frequently, but in fact, they are really chaotic. 景观不是园林,园林一定是景观。而今是把景观和园林混为一谈,这是误区一。景观是“可引起良好视觉感受的某种景象”。而园林是“在一定地域内运用工程技术和艺术手段,通过因地制宜地改造地形、整治水系、栽 种植物、营造建筑和布置园路等方法创作而成的优美的游憩景域”。所以不能简单地把园林归结为景观。 The landscape is not a garden, and the garden must be a landscape. Now it is a misconception to confuse landscape and garden. The landscape is "a sight that can cause good visual perception." Gardens are "beautiful scenic areas of recreation" created by means of engineering technology and artistic means in a certain area, through transformation of topography, adjusting water system, planting plants, building buildings and arranging garden roads. So you can't simply attribute the garden to the landscape. 现在景观设计师只要会画美术图画,特别是能用电脑软件绘制效果图就可以搞园林设计。这是误区二。 Now landscape designers can do garden design as long as they can draw pictures of art, especially with computer software. This is a misunderstanding two. 项目设计主题、设计思想不是设计师所为之,而是出资建造者、建造方项目主“官”人员根据主观意识要求设计方如何如何设计,甚至于具体的材质、树木、树木规格、构筑物等都有明确规定。这是误区三。 The project design theme, design ideas are not designers, builders, construction project investment but the main "official" personnel according to the design requirements of the subjective consciousness of how to design, even in the concrete material, trees, trees, structures and other specifications are clearly defined. This is a misunderstanding three. 设计图纸大多是效果图、意向图、分析图等图片,还多半是网上下载园林元素图片 ,没有设计思想,没有 景的描述,出图大多是不成比例的缩小文本。这是误区四。 Most of the design drawings are renderings, intention diagrams, analysis charts and so on. Most of them are downloaded landscape elements pictures on the Internet. There is no design idea and no description of the scene. Most of the drawings are disproportionate to the text. This is a misunderstanding four. 设计师只是建造方、或是境外设计师的画图匠而已,很少有独立设计的机会。这是误区五。 Designers are only the builders of the builders, or overseas designers, with few opportunities for independent design. This is a misunderstanding five. 很多设计师对园林植物的生长特性、树木的姿态、色、花、形、叶园林用途、植物和环境的配置不清楚、不熟悉,一味搞花俏、洋、大、高、密。这是误区六。 Many designers on the growth characteristics, garden plant trees, flower color, shape, posture, Ye Yuanlin uses, plants and the environment configuration is not clear and familiar, blindly engage in fancy, ocean, and high density. This is a misunderstanding six. 二说----设计误区 Two: the misunderstanding of design 说是景观设计也好、园林设计也罢,可这工程设计图纸总该有个统一的标准规范吧,可我们现在的设计图纸,五花八门,设计师自创一套,还说:“这么画图面好看”。 It's landscape design or garden design. There must be a unified standard for the engineering design drawings. But our current design drawings are various. The designer set up a set of them, and said, "this picture is nice." 1996年3月1日起已实施了中华人民共和国行业标准--风景园林图例图示标准;1986年12月25日国家计划委员 会发布了工程建设标准规范,对工程建设图纸有严格的国家标准。而目前的工程设计图纸各设计师自创一套,最 起码的图线、图标、图纸幅面、图例、代号、符号、文字形式、文字大小等等不按规范绘制。 Since March 1, 1996, the industrial standard of People's Republic of China has been implemented -- the standard of illustration for landscape architecture; in December 25, 1986, the National Planning Committee issued the standard for engineering construction, and has strict national standards for engineering drawings. At present, engineering designers design a set of drawings, such as drawing lines, icons, drawings, layout, legend, code, symbol, character form, text size and so on. 总平面图是表明一个征用地区域范围的总体综合设计的内容,是表现工程总体布局的图样,为工程施工放线、土方工程及编制施工规划的依据。 The general plan is a general comprehensive design content showing the scope of the requisition area, and it is a representation of the general layout of the project, and is the basis for the engineering construction, the earthwork and the construction plan. 现在的总平面图多半是色彩美术图,没有坐标、没有基点、基准线和标高。特别是图例、图线、符号、代号不按规范标准画,自成一格谁也看不懂,必须有设计自己亲自解读。 The current general plan is mostly a color art map with no coordinates, no base points, datum lines and elevation. In particular legend, line drawings, symbols and codes according to the standard of painting, sui generis who cannot read, must design their own personally interpretation. 效果图是反映、表示设计意图的形象图纸,按理因该真实反映施工完成后的基本面貌。可现在的效果图和竣工后的实际大不相同,夸大效果、扩大视野、下载与设计不相符的园林素材、元素,大量的植物图片,其他工程 的山、水、亭等建筑小品。忽悠建设方业主或主管,美其名曰:意向设计。 The effect map is an image drawing that reflects and expresses the design intention. It is reasonable to reflect the basic appearance after the completion of the construction. But now the effect picture is quite different from the reality after completion. The garden materials and elements that are not consistent with the design and the magnified effect, the enlargement of vision, a lot of plant pictures, and other architectural sketches of mountains, water and pavilions. You by the owners or supervisor, calling: design intention. 三说-----设计误区 Three - -- the misunderstanding of design 现在流行所谓的欧式景观、简欧风格、日本枯山水、热带风光、生态园林、湿地景观,又命名曰:东方夏威 夷、绿洲千岛、金色海岸等等之类。又有什么设计要欧美一点的风格、要大气一点之说。于是乎设计者就大肆从 网上下载图片,不管是否是这种风格,只要是与中国传统园林不同的就是欧美的了,还听说什么连树木也有什么 欧美风格之分。 European landscape, the so-called simple European style, Japanese dry landscape, tropical scenery, ecological garden, wetland landscape is popular, also named Yue: East Hawaii, oasis Island, Golden Coast etc.. What design to the European and American style, the atmosphere to say. So designers downloaded pictures from the Internet, regardless of whether this style is different from traditional Chinese gardens. They also heard about what the European and American styles are. 风格是每个地区、每个国家、每个名族、长期积累形成的自己独特的形式。异地民族可以引入为己所用,但引入不等于照搬、模仿。现在的建筑、园林建筑小品不分场合,只要是欧美的风格,就是建几根罗马柱、拱门窗券、放几个艺术人像雕塑,狮头喷水就是欧美风格的了。弄点白砂粒,放几块石头、放个石灯笼就是日本枯山水了。小到不足几百平方米的水面,用几块大卵石放于水边,种上几株加拿利海枣,布迪椰子就是热带风光、金色 海岸、东方夏威夷了。洼地搞点石头、种植点水生植物、沼生植物就是湿地了。把各种乔木、灌木、地被、湿生树木混植于一起就是生态园林了。晕......我真不知这些设计师是不懂还是忽悠建造方满足他们的需求。 Style is the unique form of each region, every country, every name, and its long-term accumulation. Foreign countries can be used for their own use, but the introduction is not equal to copying and imitation. Now, the construction of landscape architecture regardless of the occasion, as long as the European and American style, is to build several Rome columns, arches window coupons, put some of the art portrait sculpture, fountain is the style of the lion. A little white sand, a few stones and a stone lantern are the landscape of Japan. Small enough for hundreds of square meters of water, with a few large pebbles in water, on a few strains of Phoenix canariensis, butiacapitata is tropical scenery, Golden Coast, east of Hawaii. It is the wetland to make some stones, plant the aquatic plants and the biogas plants in the low-lying land. The variety of trees, shrubs, trees, planted in the wet mix together is the ecological garden. Halo... I really don't know whether these designers don't understand or build up the builders to meet their needs.

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